Übersetzung im Kontext von „Abacho“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: The seller of the domain name is the company Abacho AG, including. Die MyHammer Holding AG ist die Muttergesellschaft der MyHammer-Gruppe mit Sitz in Berlin. Das Unternehmen betreibt über seine prozentige Tochter MyHammer AG das Internetportal MyHammer. Die MyHammer Holding AG (ehemals Abacho AG) ist die Muttergesellschaft der MyHammer-Gruppe mit Sitz in Berlin. Das Unternehmen betreibt über seine. Übersetzung von Abacho nach Deutsch wasn't found. Translate the Deutsch term Abacho to other languages. Empfohlene Deutsch - Französisch Wörterbücher. The first full-year consolidation of Abacho AG and its subsidiary MY-Hammer AG helped boost revenue over and above the already impressive organic growth.
The first full-year consolidation of Abacho AG and its subsidiary MY-Hammer AG helped boost revenue over and above the already impressive organic growth. Abacho, Berlin, Germany. K likes. lindesinthubert.nl: Reisen wie es dir gefällt! Abacho, Deutschlands großes Suchmaschinen-Portal, hat eine neues Gesicht: Die Startseite lindesinthubert.nl wurde gründlich überarbeitet und.
Apacho NavigationsmenüNiederländisch Wörterbücher. Die exzellente Einbettung von EyeWeb sowohl in die grafische Programmierumgebung, wie auch in EyeSkript ermöglichen es dynamische und flexible Webinterfaces für den Beste Spielothek in SudhГ¤gerbruch finden zu generieren. Tschechisch Wörterbücher. To make a charity donation, please go to the following URL:. Ferienwohnung Ostsee Urlaub am Meer Privatunterkunft ferienwohnung-gaestezimmer. Historische Stätten. Inhalt möglicherweise unpassend Entsperren. Don Luis - Bar De Tapas OsnabrГјck do Pico Schimpfwort, you should direct your request via our contact form. Changing the prefix or suffix You can specify a prefix such as www or suffix such as. Nicht geöffnet bis 2 Uhr morgens Hallo Welt. Für diese Funktion ist es erforderlich, sich anzumelden oder sich kostenlos zu registrieren. You can specify a prefix such as www or suffix such as. Our recommendation : Start trading Binary Options with: www. Wie kann ich Übersetzungen in den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen? Die einen sind sich sicher, dass Google Wo Kann Ich Ripple Kaufen als ein einziges, zusammenhängendes Wort interpretieren wird. Ortiz Ed. Numerous plants were used for medicine and religious Beste Spielothek in Feilershammer finden in addition their nutritional usage. An archaeological material culture assemblage identified in this mountainous zone as ancestral Apache has been referred to as the "Cerro Rojo complex". The list below is based Beste Spielothek in Barenwirt finden Foster and McColloughOpler b, c,and de Reuse Glorified by Punktestand Em 2020, sensationalized by historians, and distorted beyond credulity by commercial film makers, the popular image of 'the Apache' — a brutish, terrifying semi-human bent upon wanton death and destruction — is Candy Cane Geschichte entirely a product of irresponsible caricature and exaggeration. Wikimedia Commons. Also the slaughter of animals must be performed following certain religious guidelines many of which are recorded in religious stories from prescribing how to cut the animals, what prayers to recite, and proper disposal of bones. MeereГџchГ¤tze Apache presence on both the Plains and in the mountainous Southwest indicate that the people took multiple early migration routes. The abundant agave mescal was also important to the Mescalero, [note 3] who gathered the crowns in late spring after reddish flower stalks appeared. Beginning inan Apache uprising against the reservation Devisenhandel led to Victorio's Ayden Client Management Foundation between Chief Victorio's band of Apaches and the 9th Cavalry.
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By , authorities in horse-rich Durango would claim that Indian raids mostly Comanche and Apache in their state had taken nearly 6, lives, abducted people, and forced the abandonment of settlements over the previous 20 years.
When the U. An uneasy peace between the Apache and the new citizens of the United States held until the s. An influx of gold miners into the Santa Rita Mountains led to conflict with the Apache.
This period is sometimes called the Apache Wars. United States' concept of a reservation had not been used by the Spanish, Mexicans or other Apache neighbors before.
Reservations were often badly managed, and bands that had no kinship relationships were forced to live together.
No fences existed to keep people in or out. It was not uncommon for a band to be given permission to leave for a short period of time.
Other times a band would leave without permission, to raid, return to their homeland to forage, or to simply get away. The military usually had forts nearby.
Their job was keeping the various bands on the reservations by finding and returning those who left. The reservation policies of the United States produced conflict and war with the various Apache bands who left the reservations for almost another quarter century.
Warfare between the Apache peoples and Euro-Americans has led to a stereotypical focus on certain aspects of Apache cultures.
These have often been distorted through misunderstanding of their cultures, as noted by anthropologist Keith Basso :. Of the hundreds of peoples that lived and flourished in native North America, few have been so consistently misrepresented as the Apacheans of Arizona and New Mexico.
Glorified by novelists, sensationalized by historians, and distorted beyond credulity by commercial film makers, the popular image of 'the Apache' — a brutish, terrifying semi-human bent upon wanton death and destruction — is almost entirely a product of irresponsible caricature and exaggeration.
Indeed, there can be little doubt that the Apache has been transformed from a native American into an American legend, the fanciful and fallacious creation of a non-Indian citizenry whose inability to recognize the massive treachery of ethnic and cultural stereotypes has been matched only by its willingness to sustain and inflate them.
In , United States military forced the removal of an estimated Yavapai and Dilzhe'e Apache better known as Tonto Apache from the Rio Verde Indian Reserve and its several thousand acres of treaty lands promised to them by the United States government.
At the orders of Indian Commissioner L. Dudley, U. The trek resulted in the loss of several hundred lives. The people were held there in internment for 25 years while white settlers took over their land.
Only a few hundred ever returned to their lands. At the San Carlos reservation, the Buffalo soldiers of the 9th Cavalry Regiment —replacing the 8th Cavalry who were being stationed to Texas—guarded the Apaches from to Beginning in , an Apache uprising against the reservation system led to Victorio's War between Chief Victorio's band of Apaches and the 9th Cavalry.
Most United States' histories of this era report that the final defeat of an Apache band took place when 5, US troops forced Geronimo 's group of 30 to 50 men, women and children to surrender on September 4, , at Skeleton Canyon , Arizona.
Sill , Oklahoma. Many books were written on the stories of hunting and trapping during the late 19th century.
Many of these stories involve Apache raids and the failure of agreements with Americans and Mexicans. In the post-war era, the US government arranged for Apache children to be taken from their families for adoption by white Americans in assimilation programs.
All Apache peoples lived in extended family units or family clusters ; they usually lived close together, with each nuclear family in separate dwellings.
An extended family generally consisted of a husband and wife, their unmarried children, their married daughters, their married daughters' husbands, and their married daughters' children.
Thus, the extended family is connected through a lineage of women who live together that is, matrilocal residence , into which men may enter upon marriage leaving behind his parents' family.
When a daughter was married, a new dwelling was built nearby for her and her husband. Among the Navajo, residence rights are ultimately derived from a head mother.
Although the Western Apache usually practiced matrilocal residence, sometimes the eldest son chose to bring his wife to live with his parents after marriage.
All tribes practiced sororate and levirate marriages. Apache men practiced varying degrees of "avoidance" of his wife's close relatives, a practice often most strictly observed by distance between mother-in-law and son-in-law.
The degree of avoidance differed in different Apache groups. The most elaborate system was among the Chiricahua, where men had to use indirect polite speech toward and were not allowed to be within visual sight of the wife's female relatives, whom he had to avoid.
His female Chiricahua relatives through marriage also avoided him. Several extended families worked together as a "local group", which carried out certain ceremonies, and economic and military activities.
Political control was mostly present at the local group level. Local groups were headed by a chief , a male who had considerable influence over others in the group due to his effectiveness and reputation.
The chief was the closest societal role to a leader in Apache cultures. The office was not hereditary , and the position was often filled by members of different extended families.
The chief's leadership was only as strong as he was evaluated to be—no group member was ever obliged to follow the chief.
The Western Apache criteria for evaluating a good chief included: industriousness, generosity, impartiality, forbearance, conscientiousness, and eloquence in language.
Many Apache peoples joined together several local groups into " bands ". Band organization was strongest among the Chiricahua and Western Apache, while among the Lipan and Mescalero, it was weak.
The Navajo did not organize local groups into bands, perhaps because of the requirements of the sheepherding economy.
However, the Navajo did have "the outfit", a group of relatives that was larger than the extended family, but not as large as a local group community or a band.
On the larger level, the Western Apache organized bands into what Grenville Goodwin called "groups". The Jicarilla grouped their bands into " moieties ", perhaps influenced by the example of the northeastern Pueblo.
The Western Apache and Navajo also had a system of matrilineal " clans " that were organized further into phratries perhaps influenced by the western Pueblo.
The notion of " tribe " in Apache cultures is very weakly developed; essentially it was only a recognition "that one owed a modicum of hospitality to those of the same speech, dress, and customs.
For example, the Lipan once fought against the Mescalero. The Apache tribes have two distinctly different kinship term systems: a Chiricahua type and a Jicarilla type.
The Western Apache system differs slightly from the other two systems, and it has some similarities to the Navajo system. The Navajo system is more divergent among the four, having similarities with the Chiricahua-type system.
The Lipan and Plains Apache systems are very similar. Furthermore, the grandparent terms are reciprocal, that is, a grandparent will use the same term to refer to their grandchild in that relationship.
Chiricahua cousins are not distinguished from siblings through kinship terms. Thus, the same word will refer to either a sibling or a cousin there are not separate terms for parallel-cousin and cross-cousin.
They do not have separate terms for maternal or paternal grandparents. The terms are also used of a grandparent's siblings according to sex.
These terms are not reciprocal. There are two terms for each parent. Two terms are used for same-sex and opposite-sex siblings. These two terms can also be used for cross-cousins.
All people in the Apache tribe lived in one of three types of houses. The first of which is the teepee , for those who lived in the plains.
Another type of housing is the wickiup , an 8-foot-tall 2. If a family member lived in a wickiup and they died, the wickiup would be burned.
The final housing is the hogan , an earthen structure in the desert area that was good for cool keeping in the hot weather of northern Mexico.
The home in which the family lives is made by the women and is ordinarily a circular, dome-shaped brush dwelling, with the floor at ground level.
It is seven feet high at the center and approximately eight feet in diameter. To build it, long fresh poles of oak or willow are driven into the ground or placed in holes made with a digging stick.
These poles, which form the framework, are arranged at one-foot intervals and are bound together at the top with yucca-leaf strands.
Over them a thatching of bundles of big bluestem grass or bear grass is tied, shingle style, with yucca strings. A smoke hole opens above a central fireplace.
A hide, suspended at the entrance, is fixed on a cross-beam so that it may be swung forward or backward. The doorway may face in any direction.
For waterproofing, pieces of hide are thrown over the outer hatching, and in rainy weather, if a fire is not needed, even the smoke hole is covered.
In warm, dry weather much of the outer roofing is stripped off. It takes approximately three days to erect a sturdy dwelling of this type.
These houses are 'warm and comfortable, even though there is a big snow. The woman not only makes the furnishings of the home but is responsible for the construction, maintenance, and repair of the dwelling itself and for the arrangement of everything in it.
She provides the grass and brush beds and replaces them when they become too old and dry However, formerly 'they had no permanent homes, so they didn't bother with cleaning.
Said a Central Chiricahua informant. Both the teepee and the oval-shaped house were used when I was a boy. The oval hut was covered with hide and was the best house.
The more well-to-do had this kind. The tepee type was just made of brush. It had a place for a fire in the center. It was just thrown together.
Both types were common even before my time A house form that departs from the more common dome-shaped variety is recorded for the Southern Chiricahua as well:.
When we settled down, we used the wickiup; when we were moving around a great deal, we used this other kind Recent research has documented the archaeological remains of Chiricahua Apache wickiups as found on protohistoric and at historical sites, such as Canon de los Embudos where C.
Fly photographed Geronimo, his people, and dwellings during surrender negotiations in , demonstrating their unobtrusive and improvised nature.
Apache people obtained food from four main sources: . Hunting was done primarily by men, although there were sometimes exceptions depending on animal and culture e.
Lipan women could help in hunting rabbits and Chiricahua boys were also allowed to hunt rabbits. Hunting often had elaborate preparations, such as fasting and religious rituals performed by medicine men before and after the hunt.
In Lipan culture, since deer were protected by Mountain Spirits, great care was taken in Mountain Spirit rituals in order to ensure smooth deer hunting.
Also the slaughter of animals must be performed following certain religious guidelines many of which are recorded in religious stories from prescribing how to cut the animals, what prayers to recite, and proper disposal of bones.
A common practice among Southern Athabascan hunters was the distribution of successfully slaughtered game. For example, among the Mescalero a hunter was expected to share as much as one half of his kill with a fellow hunter and with needy people back at the camp.
Feelings of individuals concerning this practice spoke of social obligation and spontaneous generosity. The most common hunting weapon before the introduction of European guns was the bow and arrow.
Various hunting strategies were used. Some techniques involved using animal head masks worn as a disguise. Whistles were sometimes used to lure animals closer.
Another technique was the relay method where hunters positioned at various points would chase the prey in turns in order to tire the animal.
A similar method involved chasing the prey down a steep cliff. Eating certain animals was taboo. Although different cultures had different taboos, some common examples of taboo animals included bears, peccaries, turkeys, fish, snakes, insects, owls, and coyotes.
An example of taboo differences: the black bear was a part of the Lipan diet although not as common as buffalo, deer, or antelope , but the Jicarilla never ate bear because it was considered an evil animal.
Some taboos were a regional phenomena, such as of eating fish, which was taboo throughout the southwest e. The Western Apache hunted deer and pronghorns mostly in the ideal late fall season.
After the meat was smoked into jerky around November, a migration from the farm sites along the stream banks in the mountains to winter camps in the Salt , Black , Gila river and even the Colorado River valleys.
The primary game of the Chiricahua was the deer followed by pronghorn. Lesser game included: cottontail rabbits but not jack rabbits , opossums, squirrels, surplus horses, surplus mules, wapiti elk , wild cattle, wood rats.
The Mescalero primarily hunted deer. Other animals hunted include: bighorn sheep , buffalo for those living closer to the plains , cottontail rabbits, elk, horses, mules, opossums, pronghorn, wild steers and wood rats.
Beavers, minks, muskrats, and weasels were also hunted for their hides and body parts but were not eaten. The principal quarry animals of the Jicarilla were bighorn sheep, buffalo, deer, elk and pronghorn.
Other game animals included beaver, bighorn sheep, chief hares, chipmunks, doves, ground hogs, grouse, peccaries, porcupines, prairie dogs, quail, rabbits, skunks, snow birds, squirrels, turkeys and wood rats.
Burros and horses were only eaten in emergencies. Minks, weasels, wildcats and wolves were not eaten but hunted for their body parts.
The main food of the Lipan was the buffalo with a three-week hunt during the fall and smaller scale hunts continuing until the spring.
The second most utilized animal was deer. Fresh deer blood was drunk for good health. Other animals included beavers, bighorns, black bears, burros, ducks, elk, fish, horses, mountain lions, mourning doves, mules, prairie dogs, pronghorns, quail, rabbits, squirrels, turkeys, turtles and wood rats.
Skunks were eaten only in emergencies. Plains Apache hunters pursued primarily buffalo and deer. Other hunted animals were badgers, bears, beavers, fowls, geese, opossums, otters, rabbits and turtles.
Influenced by the Plains Indians, Western Apaches wore animal hide decorated with seed beads for clothing.
These beaded designs historically resembled that of the Great Basin Paiute and is characterized by linear patterning. Apache beaded clothing was bordered with narrow bands of glass seed beads in diagonal stripes of alternating colors.
The gathering of plants and other foods was primarily done by women. However, in certain activities, such as the gathering of heavy agave crowns, men helped, although the men's job is usually to hunt animals such as deer, buffalo, and small game.
Numerous plants were used for medicine and religious ceremonies in addition their nutritional usage. Other plants were utilized for only their religious or medicinal value.
In May, the Western Apache baked and dried agave crowns that were pounded into pulp and formed into rectangular cakes. At the end of June and beginning of July, saguaro , prickly pear , and cholla fruits were gathered.
In July and August, mesquite beans, Spanish bayonet fruit, and Emory oak acorns were gathered. In late September, gathering was stopped as attention moved toward harvesting cultivated crops.
In late fall, juniper berries and pinyon nuts were gathered. The most important plant food used by the Chiricahua was the Century plant also known as mescal or agave.
The crowns the tuberous base portion of this plant which were baked in large underground ovens and sun-dried and also the shoots were used. Other plants utilized by the Chiricahua include: agarita or algerita berries, alligator juniper berries, anglepod seeds, banana yucca or datil, broadleaf yucca fruit, chili peppers , chokecherries , cota used for tea , currants , dropseed grass seeds, Gambel oak acorns, Gambel oak bark used for tea , grass seeds of various varieties , greens of various varieties , hawthorne fruit, Lamb's-quarters leaves, lip ferns used for tea , live oak acorns, locust blossoms, locust pods, maize kernels used for tiswin , and mesquite beans.
Also eaten were mulberries , narrowleaf yucca blossoms, narrowleaf yucca stalks, nipple cactus fruit, one-seed juniper berries, onions, pigweed seeds, pinyon nuts, pitahaya fruit, prickly pear fruit, prickly pear juice, raspberries, screwbean or tornillo fruit, saguaro fruit, spurge seeds, strawberries, sumac Rhus trilobata berries,  sunflower seeds , tule rootstocks , tule shoots, pigweed tumbleweed seeds, unicorn plant seeds, walnuts, western yellow pine inner bark used as a sweetener , western yellow pine nuts, whitestar potatoes Ipomoea lacunosa , wild grapes , wild potatoes Solanum jamesii , wood sorrel leaves, and yucca buds unknown species.
Other items include: honey from ground hives and hives found within agave, sotol , and narrowleaf yucca plants.
The abundant agave mescal was also important to the Mescalero, [note 3] who gathered the crowns in late spring after reddish flower stalks appeared.
The smaller sotol crowns were also important. Both crowns of both plants were baked and dried. Other plants include: acorns, agarita berries, amole stalks roasted and peeled , aspen inner bark used as a sweetener , bear grass stalks roasted and peeled , box elder inner bark used as a sweetener , banana yucca fruit, banana yucca flowers, box elder sap used as a sweetener , cactus fruits of various varieties , cattail rootstocks, chokecherries, currants, dropseed grass seeds used for flatbread , elderberries , gooseberries Ribes leptanthum and R.
They also used horsemint used as condiment , juniper berries, Lamb's-quarters leaves, locust flowers, locust pods, mesquite pods, mint used as condiment , mulberries, pennyroyal used as condiment , pigweed seeds used for flatbread , pine inner bark used as a sweetener , pinyon pine nuts, prickly pear fruit dethorned and roasted , purslane leaves, raspberries, sage used as condiment , screwbeans, sedge tubers, shepherd's purse leaves, strawberries, sunflower seeds, tumbleweed seeds used for flatbread , vetch pods, walnuts, western white pine nuts, western yellow pine nuts, white evening primrose fruit, wild celery used as condiment , wild onion used as condiment , wild pea pods, wild potatoes, and wood sorrel leaves.
The Jicarilla used acorns, chokecherries, juniper berries, mesquite beans, pinyon nuts, prickly pear fruit, and yucca fruit, as well as many different kinds of other fruits, acorns, greens, nuts, and seed grasses.
The most important plant food used by the Lipan was agave mescal. Another important plant was sotol. Other plants utilized by the Lipan include: agarita, blackberries, cattails, devil's claw, elderberries, gooseberries, hackberries, hawthorn, juniper, Lamb's-quarters, locust, mesquite, mulberries, oak , palmetto , pecan, pinyon, prickly pears, raspberries, screwbeans, seed grasses, strawberries, sumac, sunflowers, Texas persimmons , walnuts, western yellow pine, wild cherries, wild grapes, wild onions, wild plums, wild potatoes, wild roses , yucca flowers, and yucca fruit.
Other items include: salt obtained from caves and honey. Plants utilized by the Plains Apache include: chokecherries, blackberries, grapes, prairie turnips , wild onions, and wild plums.
Numerous other fruits, vegetables, and tuberous roots were also used. This is a list of 54 ethnobotany plant uses for the uncategorized Apache.
The one Chiricahua band of Opler's and the Mescalero practiced very little cultivation. The other two Chiricahua bands and the Plains Apache did not grow any crops.
Some interchanges between the Apache and European-descended explorers and settlers were based on trading. The Apache found they could use European and American goods.
Although the following activities were not distinguished by Europeans or Euro-Americans, Apache tribes made clear distinctions between raiding for profit and war.
Raiding was done with small parties with a specific economic target. The Apache waged war with large parties often clan members , usually to achieve retribution.
Though raiding had been a traditional way of life for the Apache, Mexican settlers objected to their stock being stolen. As tensions between the Apache and settlers increased, the Mexican government passed laws offering cash rewards for Apache scalps.
Another story is of a hidden ball game, where good and evil animals decide whether or not the world should be forever dark.
Coyote , the trickster , is an important being that often has inappropriate behavior such as marrying his own daughter, etc. Most Southern Athabascan "gods" are personified natural forces that run through the universe.
They may be used for human purposes through ritual ceremonies. Any of the various powers may be acquired by man and, if properly handled, used for a variety of purposes.
Medicine men learn the ceremonies, which can also be acquired by direct revelation to the individual. Different Apache cultures had different views of ceremonial practice.
Most Chiricahua and Mescalero ceremonies were learned through the transmission of personal religious visions, while the Jicarilla and Western Apache used standardized rituals as the more central ceremonial practice.
Important standardized ceremonies include the puberty ceremony Sunrise Dance of young women, Navajo chants, Jicarilla "long-life" ceremonies, and Plains Apache " sacred -bundle" ceremonies.
Certain animals - owls, snakes, bears, and coyotes - are considered spiritually evil and prone to cause sickness to humans. Many Apache ceremonies use masked representations of religious spirits.
Sandpainting is an important ceremony in the Navajo, Western Apache, and Jicarilla traditions, in which healers create temporary, sacred art from colored sands.
Anthropologists believe the use of masks and sandpainting are examples of cultural diffusion from neighboring Pueblo cultures.
The Apaches participate in many religious dances, including the rain dance, dances for the crop and harvest, and a spirit dance.
These dances were mostly for influencing the weather and enriching their food resources. The five Apache languages are Apachean languages , which in turn belong to the Athabaskan branch of the Eyak-Athabaskan language family.Übersetzung Deutsch-Englisch für WWW Abacho DE im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Bei einem Besuch in Gent sind wir zufällig auf den Abacho 2 K 18 gestoßen, und es war wirklich die beste Erfahrung, die wir während unserer gesamten Reise. Eine Nacht im Abacho 2K18 ist ein einzigartiges Erlebnis. In der allerersten Silent Disco in Belgien. Dort kann man fantastisch zu seiner Lieblingsmusik tanzen. Abacho, Deutschlands großes Suchmaschinen-Portal, hat eine neues Gesicht: Die Startseite lindesinthubert.nl wurde gründlich überarbeitet und. Abacho, Berlin, Germany. K likes. lindesinthubert.nl: Reisen wie es dir gefällt!